The property law is the area of law that governs the various forms of property and tenure in real estate (the land as distinct from personal or personal possessions) and personal property, within the common law legal system. In the civil law system, there is a division between movable and immovable property. Personal property corresponds approximately to personal property, while real property corresponds to immovable property or real estate, and associated rights, and obligations over them.
The concept, idea or philosophy of property underlies all property laws. In some jurisdictions, historically all property was owned by the monarch and transferred through the possession of feudal land or other feudal systems of loyalty and loyalty.
Although the Napoleonic code was one of the first governmental acts of modern times to introduce the notion of absolute property in the statute, the protection of personal property rights was present in medieval Islamic law and jurisprudence,  and in forms more feudal in the common law courts of medieval England and early modern, as well.